Dual Citizenship and Citizenship by Descent Information
The Australian Embassy in Copenhagen DOES NOT have a citizenship section. All enquiries pertaining to the citizenship process should be directed to the Australian High Commission in London (contact details below).
Citizenship by Descent
Children born overseas to at least one Australian parent, are not Australians by default. You must apply for Citizenship by Descent via the Australian High Commission in London, and once you have the Citizenship Certificate, you can apply for an Australian passport at an Australian Embassy.
Application form: http://www.border.gov.au/Forms/Documents/118.pdf
Online lodgement information, fees and documentation requirements:
As part of the application process, a person who is not related to the child applicant by birth, marriage or de facto relationship, must complete the Proof of Identity section of the application form. The Proof of Identity witness must hold a job in one of the 39 job categories listed on pages 5-6 of the application form. The person must be either an Australian national or a national of your country of residence.
If your child is under 6 years of age, the requirements that the Witness must have known the child for more than 12 months is relaxed. Your Proof of Identity witness can also certify the copies of the original documents which you must submit with the application.
If required to upload copies of ID, the documents may have to be endorsed as true copies. This can be done by the same person, who completes the Proof of ID witness. They should write "This is a true copy of the document presented to me", and then sign and date each attachment.
Evidence of Citizenship
If you are born in Australia after 20 August 1986 and your parents were Permanent Residents at the time of your birth, you should apply for Evidence of Australian Citizenship. If you cannot locate your Citizenship Certificate, or would like to change your name on your citizenship certificate, you must also go through this process.
In order to obtain Evidence of Citizenship, you need to submit an application form along with certified copies of the required documents:
Changed your name? You can correct the details of your name on your Citizenship certificate through an application process.
Part of the application form (Proof of Identity Declaration) must be filled completed by a person not related to the applicant and who has known the applicant for more than 12 months. The person, who completes this part can also certify the supporting documents as true copies.
The person can handwrite each copy with the text: “I hereby certify that this is a true copy of the document presented to me today”.
The statement must be signed and dated on each page.
For more details, please visit the Department of Immigration and Border Protection's website on Citizenship:
Proof of Citizenship: https://immi.homeaffairs.gov.au/citizenship/certificate/get-a-certificate
Indicative application processing time: https://immi.homeaffairs.gov.au/citizenship/citizenship-processing-times
You can apply online if you are in or outside Australia. Scan original documents including Form 1195 - Identity declaration (81KB PDF) to attach to your application electronically: https://online.immi.gov.au/lusc/login
Australian Legislation of Dual Citizenship
The Australian government changed its legislation on Dual Citizenship on 4 April 2002. Before this date, Australian citizens who intentionally acquired the citizenship of another country automatically lost their Australian Citizenship.
Following the report of an expert advisory committee, the Australian Government changed its legislation; as of 4 April 2002 it was permissible for Australian citizens to acquire citizenship of another country without losing their Australian citizenship in the process.
This decision was based on careful deliberation by the Australian Citizenship Council, which examined contemporary issues in Australian Citizenship policy and through extensive public consultations. The change in Australian Citizenship legislation brought Australia in line with many other comparable countries, including the United Kingdom, Canada, New Zealand, the United States, France and Italy.
While Australia now recognises dual citizenship, there are still many countries that do not allow their citizens to hold an additional foreign citizenship. It is a long-standing principle of citizenship law that the citizenship of a state is bestowed by that state. Hence, arrangements that allow for multiple citizenships (or not) are a matter for the state concerned.
Australian citizens who wish to hold multiple citizenship (whether for themselves or their children) should assure themselves that the laws of the relevant foreign countries permit multiple citizenship, by contacting the governments of the countries concerned.
Australian citizens with children born overseas may wish to apply to acquire Australian citizenship by descent for their children and should take care to ensure that such an action does not cause the loss of other citizenships a child may already hold.
Dual Citienship in Denmark
On 1 September 2015, Danish law came in effect, allowing certain people to apply for Danish citizenship.
The Danish Ministry for Foreigners, Integration and Housing provide information on dual nationality in Denmark:
Dual Citizenship in Norway
From 1 January 2020, Norway will allow dual citizenship - please read the information carefully:
Australia has recognised dual citizenship since 2002 so you can apply for Norwegian citizenship without losing your Australian Citizenship
For queries on dual citizenship, please contact the Norwegian Directorate of Immigration (UDI) for their advice.
Dual Citizenship in Iceland
Iceland recognises dual nationality.
Details on the law governing dual nationality in Iceland can be found in the Icelandic Nationality Act:
For general information about dual citizenship legislation in Norway, Denmark or Iceland, please seek information from these authorities:
Updated/reviewed 9 November 2020